WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF KALINGA WAR ? THE LAST WAR OF KING ASOKA THE GREAT.





kalinga war of 261 BC


The Kalinga war is one of the largest and bloodiest battle in the Indian history. The war is an eventful landmark in the carrer of Asoka and it is called as the sheet anchor of Odisha. It took place near the bank of river Daya in 261 B.C i.e in the eight regional year of Asoka.
                                     

  Rock Edict-XIII of Asoka at Shahbazgarhi in Pakistan on Pak-Afgan border gives a detailised account of the war and how Asoka accepted the policy of Dhamma-Vijaya lefting behind the policy of Diga-Vijaya. Though the war brought a lot of miseries, but it totally changed the history of Odisha. The war gave this land a predominant ab-original and a civilized administration.

IMPERIALISTIC DESIGN OF ASOKA


Magadhan Empire had spread all-most all over parts of India. And near that Kalinga stood  independent was intolerable for a warlike- king Asoka .


POLITICAL CAUSE

The Magadhan had surrounded Kalinga .Thus existence of Kalinga was definitely a threat.Before Kalinga rose to that extent, Asoka wanted to crush it.





Indian map during maurya rule




ECONOMIC PROSPERITY OF KALINGA



Kalinga had gained vast wealth from oversea and inland trade. So, the economic prosperity of Kalinga became an eye-sore for Asoka.


COMMERCIAL FACTOR


All important trade-routes passed through Kalinga. Though, Magadha had foreign relation and huge internal resources, but it lacks his own trade routes. The only solution to the problem was to win-over Kalinga


STEALING OF ASOKA’S JEWELS BY THE NAGAS


According to Lama Taranath , Nagas stole away the jewels of Asoka. So, the emperor became angry and conquered their territory. These Nagas were identified with the seafaring people of Kalinga. Since there is no evidence, it may be taken with little importance.


LEGEND OF KURUVAKI

Asoka invaded Kalinga being infatuated by the beauty of Kuruvaki, the daughter of a fisherman and the fiancée of the crown prince of Kalinga. Though this fact appears absurd, but it cannot be rejected outrightly.


RELIGIOUS FACTOR

Asoka was a devout Saiva and with tolerable degree of certainty, it can be stated that people of Kalinga are follower Buddhism. Asoka attacked Kalinga to teach the Buddhists a lesson. However, this is a controversial issue.